As you can see, an awful lot of industries changed dramatically, but historians have to carefully untangle how each affected the other as everything triggered changes in the others, which triggered changes back.Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era : e History (Ohio State University) Child laborer working on spinning machine in Lancaster Cotton Mills, SC. Valuable bibliographies are appended to each chapter.

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Thus, the first factories had a ready labor- supply in Britain that was not available in other nations.

Important inventions like the "Spinning Jenny" to produce yarn began to be made in 1760s, and soon the British textile industry was booming, aided by Eli Whitney's invention of the "Cotton Gin" in America, which provided a ready source of cotton.

Pressure to redress the lack of representation for the new industrial cities and the newly wealthy industrial manufacturers also began to build.

Meanwhile, industrialists developed an ideology called Laissez Faire based on Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations (1776) and continued by David Ricardo and Robert Malthus.

The economic transformation brought about the British industrial revolution was accompanied by a social transformation as well. Because industrial resources like coal and iron were in Central and Northern England, a shift in population from Southern England northward took place. These changes in social and demographic realities created vast pressure for political change as well.

The first act to protect workers went into affect in 1802 (though in practice it did very little).Britain, with its head start in manufacturing, its many world markets, and its dominant navy, would dominate industry for most of the 19th century.Towards the end of that century, the United States and Germany would begin to challenge Britain's industrial power.Among the Western European countries, Britain was the ideal incubator for the Industrial Revolution because an "Agricultural Revolution" preceded it.After the 1688 "Glorious Revolution", the British kings lost power and the aristocratic landholders gained power.' The Industrial Revolution' refers to a period of massive economic, technological, social and cultural change which affected humans to such an extent that it's often compared to the change from hunter-gathering to farming.